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May 3, 2022
May 3, 2022
Tax essentials

UTR for the self-employed

Self-employed individuals work for themselves rather than an employer. This can be done as a full-time occupation or on the side to earn some extra income. If they earn over £1000, they may be required to apply for a Unique Taxpayer Reference number so they can submit a self assessment.
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If you are Self-employed and earn over £1000, you will probably need to file a Self Assessment. In order to do this, you will need to obtain a Unique Taxpayer Reference (UTR) number.

What is a UTR Number?

A UTR number is a 10-digit code used by HMRC to identify individuals and companies for tax purposes. Sometimes, it will have a 'K' at the end and this implies that the individual submits a Self Assessment. A UTR number allows HMRC to track your tax obligations and match your records to payments.

Do I Need a UTR Number?

You will need a UTR number to submit a Self Assessment tax return. This applies to Self-employed individuals and Sole Traders.

You will also need to file a Self Assessment if you owe tax on savings interest, dividends, or Capital Gains, or if you earn over £100,000 a year as an Employee. These people will also need a UTR number.

How Do I Get a UTR Number?

As a Self-employed individual, you will need to self-register in order to receive a UTR number. This can be done through apps like Earnr or directly through HMRC. There are three ways to apply through HMRC: online, over the phone, or by post. It takes 10 days to receive your UTR number through the post, and up to 21 days if you're working abroad.

How Can I Find My UTR Number?

If you're not sure whether you have a UTR number or have lost it, you can contact HMRC by phone using your National Insurance number to identify yourself. Your UTR number should also be displayed in your Government Gateway portal account summary. You can also check any correspondence you've received from HMRC, which should show your UTR number.

Once you have a UTR number, it stays with you for life and does not change.

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