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July 19, 2022
July 19, 2022
Tax essentials

What is Payment on Account?

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If you are self-employed and you have a tax bill above £1000, you pay a payment on account. This means you pay tax in advance of your expected earnings. Read our explain-all guide here.
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If you are self-employed and you have a tax bill above £1000, you pay a payment on account. This means you pay tax in advance of your expected earnings. It can be a fairly hefty lump of money on top of your tax bill, but there's no need to worry about it as it can be managed effectively.

What is Payment on Account?

Payments on account are tax payments made twice a year by self-employed Self Assessment taxpayers to spread the cost of the upcoming year's tax.

The first instalment is due by midnight on January 31 (the self-assessment tax deadline) and the second one by midnight July 31.

Do I Have To Make A Payment on Account?

You need to make two payments on account every year unless:

1. Your last Self Assessment bill was below £1000

2. You've already paid more than 80% of the tax you owe (through your tax code or your full time employer e.g. if you have a side hustle)

The first instalment is due by midnight on 31 January (the self-assessment tax deadline) and the second one by midnight 31 July.

If you are self-employed, your tax bill is higher than £1000 and you don't match the criteria above then very likely have to make a payment on account.

How Is My Payment on Account Tax Figure Calculated?

HMRC , quite simply, uses the tax amount form your previous year and assumes that your self-employed earnings will be the same in the next year.

Why Does Payment on Account Exist?

HMRC wants you to think ahead and anticipate your tax bill. It is a preventative measure to ensure you don't get caught short when it is time to pay your tax.


If you are employed, your employer puts you through Pay As You Earn (PAYE), and so your earnings are taxed immediately. Being self-employed, HMRC is attempting to give you some flex on your cash flow, so you can manage it effectively.

What if I Earn Less Than I Did the Previous Year? Have I Paid Too Much Tax?

There is a solution! You’ll get a tax rebate and the next year, your payment on account will reflect your profit this year.


That said, if you know your tax bill will be lower than last year, you can request a lower payment from HMRC with an SA303.

And If I Earn More Than Last Year?

That's awesome news, your business is doing great! Be sure to put some money aside as you will be required to make a balancing payment by 31 January (with your first payment on account payment for the following year) to cover the additional tax.

When Should I Pay for My Self-Assesment?

It's best to pay as soon as you can to avoid any charges or fines.

What if I Can't Pay on Time?

It is very likely that you will face interest charges. Your best bet is to get in touch with HMRC before this happens and raise it to them. Sometimes you can arrange a Time To Pay agreement.

How Do I Pay My Payment on Account?

To make your payment on account you need to be registered for self-assessment with a Unique Tax Payer Reference (UTR). With your UTR there are several ways you can pay:

If you would like to talk with one of our team, you can contact us through the app here.


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